Naihati municipality is one of the oldest in the whole country and was established in 1869. It is the birthplace of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the author of India’s national song Vande Mataram.
As of 2011 India census,Naihati had a population of 219,468. Males constitute 50.87% of the population and females 49.13%. Naihati has an average literacy rate of 89.79%, higher than the national average of 75.06%: male literacy is 93.16%, and female literacy is 86.31%. In Naihati, 7.8% of the population is under 6 years of age and population density 18,641/km2, rank 50th city in the World.